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Sunday, July 31, 2011

System Analysis & Design [ SAD]


Q.SDLC stands for:
A. System Development Life Cycle
B. System Design Life Cycle
C.Software Design Life Cycle
D. Software Development Life Cycle

Q.Most modern software applications enable you to customize and automate various features using small custom-built “miniprograms” called:
A. macros.
B. code.
C. routines.
D. subroutines.
Q.The organized process or set of steps that needs to be followed to develop an information system is known as the:
A. analytical cycle.
B. design cycle.
C. program specification.
D. system development life cycle.


Q.In the Analysis phase, the development of the ____________ occurs, which is a clear statement of the goals and objectives of the project.
A. documentation
B. flowchart
C. problem specification
D. design
Q.Actual programming of software code is done during the ____________ step in the SDLC.
A. Maintenance and Evaluation
B. Design
C. Analysis
D. Development and Documentation

Q.Enhancements, upgrades, and bug fixes are done during the ____________ step in the SDLC.
A. Maintenance and Evaluation
B. Problem/Opportunity Identification
C. Design
D. Development and Documentation


Q.The ____________ determines whether the project should go forward.
A. feasibility assessment
B. opportunity identification
C. system evaluation
D. program specification


Q.Technical writers generally provide the ____________ for the new system.
A. programs
B. network
C. analysis
D. documentation

Q.____________ design and implement database structures.A. Programmers
B. Project managers
C. Technical writers
D. Database administrators
Q.____________ spend most of their time in the beginning stages of the SDLC, talking with end-users, gathering information, documenting systems, and proposing solutions.
A. Systems analysts
B. Project managers
C. Network engineers
D. Database administrators

Q.____________ manage the system development, assign staff, manage the budget and reporting, and ensure that deadlines are met.
A. Project managers
B. Network engineers
C. Graphic designers
D. Systems analysts


Q.____________ is the process of translating a task into a series of commands that a computer will use to perform that task.
A. Project design
B. Installation
C. Systems analysis
D. Programming

Q.Debugging is:
A. creating program code.
B. finding and correcting errors in the program code.
C. identifying the task to be computerized.
D. creating the algorithm.

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Saturday, July 30, 2011

Operating Systems Questions

1) The high paging activity is called ________. 
1 Inter process communication 
2 Thrashing 
3 Context Switch 
4 None of the above 


2) The Hardware mechanism that enables a device to notify the CPU is called __________. 
1 Polling 
2 Interrupt 
3 System Call 
4 None of the above 


3) In the running state 
1 only the process which has control of the processor is found 
2 all the processes waiting for I/O to be completed are found 
3 all the processes waiting for the processor are found 
4 none of the above 


4) Which of the following is crucial time while accessing data on the disk? 
1 Seek time 
2 Rotational time 
3 Transmission time 
4 Waiting time 


5) Process State is a part of 
1 Process Control block 
2 Inode 
3 File Allocation Table 
4 None of the above 


6) Who is called a supervisor of computer acitvity ? 
1 CPU 
2 Operating system 
3 Control unit 
4 Application Program 


7) Virtual memory is __________. 
1 An extremely large main memory 
2 An extremely large secondary memory 
3 An illusion of extremely large main memory 
4 A type of memory used in super computers. 


8) The kernel keeps track of the state of each task by using a data structure called __ 
1 Process control block 
2 User control block 
3 Memory control block 
4 None of the above 


9) Which of the following disk scheduling techniques has a drawback of starvation ? 
1 SCAN 
2 SSTF 
3 FCFS 
4 LIFO 


10) A binary semaphore 
1 has the values one or zero 
2 is essential to binary computers 
3 is used only for synchronisation 
4 is used only for mutual exclusion 


11) _________ page replacement alogorithm suffers from Belady's anamoly. 
1 LRU 
2 MRU 
3 FIFO 
4 LIFO 


12) _________ is a high speed cache used to hold recently referenced page table entries a part of paged virtual memory 
1 Translation Lookaside buffer 
2 Inverse page table 
3 Segmented page table 
4 All the above 


13) _________ does the job of allocating a process to the processor. 
1 Long term scheduler 
2 Short term scheduler 
3 Medium term scheduler 
4 Dispatcher 


14) In interactive environments such as time-sharing systems, the primary requirement is to provide reasonably good response time and in general, to share system resources equitably. In such situations, the scheduling algorithm that is most popularly applied is ________. 
1 Shortest Remaining Time Next (SRTN) Scheduling 
2 Priority Based Preemptive Scheduling 
3 Round Robin Scheduling 
4 None of the above 


15) In the multi-programming environment, the main memory consisting of _________ number of process. 
1 Greater than 100 
2 Only one 
3 Greater than 50 
4 More than one 


16) In a multithreaded environment _______. 
1 Each thread is allocated with new memory from main memory. 
2 Main thread terminates after the termination of child threads. 
3 Every process can have only one thread. 
4 None of the above 


17) Which of the following statement is not true? 
1 Multiprogramming implies multitasking 
2 Multi-user does not imply multiprocessing 
3 Multitasking does not imply multiprocessing 
4 Multithreading implies multi-user 


18) In one of the deadlock prevention methods, impose a total ordering of all resource types, and require that each process requests resources in an increasing order of enumeration. This voilates the _______________ condition of deadlock 
1 Mutual exclusion 
2 Hold and Wait 
3 Circular Wait 
4 No Preemption 


19) In the ___________ method of data transfer, the participation of the processor is eliminated during data transfer. 
1 Buffering 
2 Caching 
3 Direct Memory Access 
4 Indirect Memory Access 


20) A thread is a __________ process . 
1 Heavy Weight 
2 Mutliprocess 
3 Inter Thread 
4 Light wieght 


21) Data reside in file on disk under DOS environment, which of the following file name is invalid ? 
1 OSCONCEPTS.doc 
2 RAW.txt
3 COMPAQ.BOOK 
4 JUMPSTART.BOS 


22) In Priority Scheduling a priority number (integer) is associated with each process. The CPU is allocated to the process with the highest priority (smallest integer = highest priority). The problem of, Starvation ? low priority processes may never execute, is resolved by __________. 
1 Terminating the process. 
2 Aging 
3 Mutual Exclusion 
4 Semaphore 


23) CPU Scheduling is the basis of _________ operating system 
1 Batch 
2 Real time 
3 Multiprogramming 
4 Monoprogramming 


24) A major problem with priority scheduling is _________. 
1 Definite blocking 
2 Starvation 
3 Low priority 
4 None of the above 


25) ________ scheduler selects the jobs from the pool of jobs and loads into the ready queue. 
1 Long term 
2 Short term 
3 Medium term 
4 None of the above 


26) Which directory implementation is used in most Operating System? 
1 Single level directory structure 
2 Two level directory structure 
3 Tree directory structure 
4 Acyclic directory structure 


27) Saving the state of the old process and loading the saved state of the new process is called ________. 
1 Context Switch 
2 State 
3 Multi programming 
4 None of the above 


28) The term " Operating System " means ________. 
1 A set of programs which controls computer working 
2 The way a computer operator works 
3 Conversion of high-level language in to machine level language 
4 The way a floppy disk drive operates 


29) Resource locking ________. 
1 Allows multiple tasks to simultaneously use resource 
2 Forces only one task to use any resource at any time 
3 Can easily cause a dead lock condition 
4 Is not used for disk drives 


30) A thread 
1 is a lightweight process where the context switching is low 
2 is a lightweight process where the context swithching is high 
3 is used to speed up paging 
4 none of the above 


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